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wc 11/05/2020

Friday 15th May 2020

Art - Aboriginal Dreamtime Art

 

Aboriginal culture dates back as far as between 60,000 to 80,000 years.  This is when Aborigine’s first settled in Australia.  The first evidence of Aboriginal ethos or philosophy is evident in the still visible rock art which dates back more than 20,000 years.

 

Ochres were used to paint on rocks.  Archaeologists have been able to date remains and findings as far back as 40,000 to 60,000 years from discoveries of primal campsites.

 

There is no written language for Australian Aboriginal People so in order to convey their important cultural stories through the generations it is portrayed by symbols/icons through their artwork.

 

It is imperative to pass on information to preserve their culture. Indigenous art is centred on story telling. It is used as a chronicle to convey knowledge of the land, events and beliefs of the Aboriginal people.

 

The use of symbols is an alternate way to writing down stories of cultural significance, teaching survival and use of the land. The interpretations of the iconography differ depending on the audience.

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The Dreamtime is a term that describes unique stories and beliefs owned and held by different Australian Aboriginal groups. The history of the Dreamtime word and its meanings says something about the development of the ideas held about the Aboriginal world, and how they are expressed through art.

 

Jukurrpa is one traditional term used by several groups of Central Desert languages to describe what could possibly be seen as the religion and the Laws of the people, and in some ways a description of Reality.

 

In that sense, traditional Aboriginal people believe that the world was created by Ancestor Beings. The spirit of the Ancestor Beings remains in the country, in the animals and the places and the people of that country as an ongoing presence.

 

As set in time, the Dreaming - or Jukurrpa in Warlpiri language - is seen as going from the past to the present to the future all at once, so it is something that sits outside ordinary timelines.

When we come to describe much of the content of Aboriginal painting from traditional communities, we are looking at the underlying ideas that arise about Country, ceremony and about people’s connections and obligations to Country.

 

In many ways these are the defining elements that people recognise in themselves and their own Country, and so when people come to paint about their world and their beliefs, they also connect with their own Dreaming or Jukurrpa stories.

 

Here is an example of Dreamtime art:

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Task

Follow this link - https://japingkaaboriginalart.com/aboriginal-dreamtime-stories/

 

You must read at least one of these Dreamtime stories. However, the more you read the better! Study the artwork as you read and consider how the story is being told through the image.

 

Now try the following:

  • Can you explain how the story is being told in the artwork?
  • Can you retell the story in your own words?
  • Can you recreate the Dreamtime picture?
GEOGRAPHY
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Monday 11th May 2020

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Monday 11th May 2020
The Golden Rule

 

The Golden Rule (or the ethic of reciprocity) is the definitive, all-encompassing principle for ethical behaviour.

 

In essence, this rule states, “One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself” in the positive form and “One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated” in the negative form.

 

 The purpose of the Golden Rule is to help develop a framework of personal ethics and positive outlook toward others.

 

We find the Golden Rule in all the great cultures and religions of the world.

 

Watch the video clips using the links below then complete the tasks that follow.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvCmqH8zHp8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-XKYw5ll3L8

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