This afternoon you will be doing
Science and Design Technology (D.T.)
LI: To recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago (Science).
In geography you have recently learned about fossil fuels, but some of you were not quite sure about what 'fossil' really meant. We begun to explore fossils when school first closed. Within our learning about Charles Darwin, we discussed Mary Anning; she is well known for her collecting of fossils and her influential scientific discoveries and ideas.
A fossil is the preserved remains or traces of a dead organism. The process by which a fossil is formed is called fossilisation.
It’s very rare for living things to become fossilised. Usually after most animals die their bodies just rot away and nothing is left behind. However, under certain special conditions, a fossil can form.
After an animal dies, the soft parts of its body decompose leaving the hard parts, like the skeleton, behind. This becomes buried by small particles of rock called sediment.
As more layers of sediment build up on top, the sediment around the skeleton begins to compact and turn to rock.
The bones then start to be dissolved by water seeping through the rock. Minerals in the water replace the bone, leaving a rock replica of the original bone called a fossil.
Fossils are the preserved remains or traces of a dead organism. They provide evidence for how living things and the environment have changed over time.
Complete one of the following reading comprehension tasks about fossils. Try to challenge yourself appropriately (you can probably all do the challenge) and then check your answers afterwards.
Identify the bones of each dinosaur on the sheets below.
LI: To produce a detailed design for a product (D.T).
Over half term you may have seen the challenge on our activities page.
How will your invention change the world?
Machines are all around us and we are relying on them more and more in our daily lives. Your challenge for this week is to come up with an idea for a machine of your own. What will it look like? What can it do? Think of all those tiresome jobs you wish you didn't have to do and design a machine that can do them for you. You could have a machine to cook dinner and do all the washing up, tidy your bedroom, or even do your homework (Ssh! Don't tell your teacher!)! Need a stimulus to get your inventive powers moving? Follow the link below to the BBC Ten Pieces site and watch the videos introducing you to a very modern, minimalist piece of music called 'Short Ride in a Fast Machine' by John Adams. It's perfect for inspiring budding machine inventors. You can learn what the music is about, watch a dance tutorial by Diversity based on the music and hopefully get some inspiration.
I would like you to draw and label your machine to show how it is built and what it is capable of. After that, see if you can come up with a way of advertising your invention to the world. This could be in the form of a leaflet, a poster, or even a TV advert with your own jingle. See how creative you can be and if you can, tweet some of your ideas for us to see @kensingprimary
Follow the lesson on the BBC Link.
Now you can try and put some of what you have learned about different design skills into action in the design of your 'machine'.
1. Start with a freehand sketch, by hand without measurements
2. Add annotation (labels) to this of materials and parts
3. Build this out into a formal drawing, using a ruler and measurements#
4. You can then try and draw this as a single-point perspective, two point perspective and/or isometric drawing - remember the 30 degree rule for isometric
5. To go even further, you can then use these drawings to build a model
Miss Hesketh decided that because of the nice weather we have enjoyed, she would need a machine to put suncream on her own back because she can't reach it! After some research she found this idea:
Mrs Heeney's daughter made this robot.
It is called Bob the robot and his job is to clean her bedroom. The feathers are for dusting and the silver buttons are so she can tell him to mop, hoover or pick up toys. Apparently the rainbow panel is the most important to fill your room with rainbow sparkles so they can explode in an instant to make your whole room clean, tidy and sparkly. The antenna are to pick up signals so she can speak to him.